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The Sturgeon is a very unique fish, there are 23 different species in three different genuses (family). Some species grow to a length of over 20 ft (6 m) and well over 2,000 lb (907 kg) and may live to be over 100 years old! Fossils of Sturgeon have been found which date the fish back approximately 200 million years ago, making them among the most ancient of fishes. “...they have undergone remarkably little morphological change, indicating that their evolution has been exceptionally slow and earning them informal status as living fossils.”

“Sturgeon range from subtropical to subarctic waters in North America and Eurasia. In North America, they range along the Atlantic coast from the Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland, including the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence, Missouri and Mississippi rivers, as well as along the West coast in major rivers from California to British Columbia. They occur along the European Atlantic coast, including the Mediterranean basin, in the rivers that flow into the Black, Azov and Caspian seas, ... the north-flowing rivers of Russia that feed the Arctic Ocean,... in the rivers of Central Asia.... and Lake Baikal. In the Pacific Ocean, they are found in the Amur River along the Russian-Chinese border, on Sakhalin island, and in the Yangtze and other rivers in northeast China.” Source:

“The sturgeon roe is the only true caviar. The largest and most highly prized eggs come from the beluge (Huso huso) in Russia. This species has been recorded up to a weight of 3,359 lb (1,524 kg) and a female weighing 2,707 lb (1,228 kg) caught in 1924 yielded 542 lb (246 kg) of roe.” Source: International Game Fish Association

In North America the major recreational fisheries are in Canada, the Atlantic Sturgeon - Lake Sturgeon in the upper Midwest and Canada plus White Sturgeon. They range along the Pacific coast from the Aleutian Islands, south to central California. The white sturgeon is known to reach a maximum size of 1,798 lb (816 kg) and 20.1 ft. (6.1 m).[1] One of the most famous white sturgeon fisheries is the Columbia River of Oregon.

Field & Stream magazine printed an extremely interesting article about sturgeon in June 1984. Heart Stopping Strurgeon by Bruce Brown has been reproduced here on

Anglers hook 100-year-old monster fish Daily Mail, United Kingdom, 8 January 2008


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